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European capacities

under construction


Les Euroforces ( © Ministère de la Défense / France)
Les forces multinationales européennes (Assemblée de l'UEO Document A/1804)
Forces multinationales relevant de l'UEO /FRUEO (© Digitheque MJP)

Brigade franco-allemande (BFA/DFB)1987
La Division multinationale (Centre) 1993
EUROFOR (force opérationnelle rapide européenne) 1995
Force navale franco-allemand (FNFA) 1993
EUROMARFOR (force maritime européenne) 1995

Force amphibie britannico-néerlandaise (FABN) 1993
Force amphibie hispano-italienne (FAHI/FAHL) 1997

Corps d'armée franco-allemand (CAFA) N. C.
Corps d'armée germano-néerlandais 1997
Force d'intervention rapide 2003
Groupe aérien européen (GAE/EAG) 1998


France /du 1er semestre 2005/
Royaume-Uni /du 1er semestre 2005/
Italie /du 2eme semestre 2005/
Espagne /du 1er semestre 2006/
Espagne (n.c.) - Italie - Grèce - Portugal 2006
Allemagne (n.c.) - France 2006
Allemagne - Pays-Bas - Finlande /du 1er semestre 2007/
France - Belgique - Luxembourg /du 1er semestre 2007/
Hongrie - Italie - Slovénie /du 2eme semestre 2007/
Grèce - Bulgarie - Roumanie - Chypre /du 2eme semestre 2007/
Allemange - Autriche - République tchèque 2007-
Pologne - Allemagne - Slovaquie - Lettonie - Lituanie 2007
Suède - Finlande - Norvège (!)- Estonie /du 1er semestre 2008/
Royaume-Uni - Pays-Bas

capacités spécialisées :
Chypre (section medicale sous commandement grec) /du 1er semestre 2007/
Lituanie (unité de purification de l'eau)
Grèce (centre de coordination du transport maritime d'Athènes)
France (structure d'un état-major des forces multinational déployable)


- One mechanized infantry battalion, one light infantry battalion, 1 Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Defense unit, one “humanitarian civilian assistance package,” one Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) element, one helicopter transport squadron, one transport company, 100 observers/experts.
- Land: one mechanized brigade, plus smaller units as part of humanitarian operation for up to six months.
- Air: 24 F-16 fighters, eight C-130 and two Airbus transports.
- Navy: two frigates, mine countermeasures (MCM) vessels.
Denmark :
- No contribution; opted out of ESDP at Maastricht in 1992.
Finland: Land: one mechanized infantry battalion, one engineer battalion, one transport company, one CIMIC company. Navy: one MCM command and support ship. Joint: 15-30 experts/observers.
- Land: 12,000 troops from a 20,000 pool; Mechanised, light, airborne (for a year), and amphibious brigades headquarters.
- Air: Combined Air Operations Center, 75 combat aircraft, eight air-refueling aircraft, three long-range and 24 medium-range transports, two Airborne Warning & Control System aircraft, combat search & rescue (CSAR) helicopters.
- Navy: Two battle groups, each with one nuclear attack submarine (SSN), four frigates, three support ships, and maritime patrol aircraft. One would include the nuclear powered aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle with 22 aircraft aboard. Mine countermeasures vessels.
- Joint: Permanent military operations headquarters at Creil if required, others at operational and tactical levels, satellite communications, reconnaissance satellites and aircraft.
The Eurocorps headquarters has also been offered for the force.
- Land: Nucleus land component headquarters, up to 18,000 troops from a pool of 32,000 at division and brigade level, including armored, air assault, and light infantry brigade headquarters and seven combat battalions.
- Air: Nucleus air component headquarters, six combat squadrons with 93 aircraft, eight surface-to-air missile (SAM) squadrons, air transport, other support elements.
- Navy: Maritime headquarters, 13 combat ships, support.
- Joint: Permanent military operations headquarters at Potsdam if required, nucleus operational headquarters.
- Land: one operational headquarters, one mechanized or other brigade, one light infantry battalion, one attack and one transport helicopter company.
- Air: 42 fighter aircraft, four transport aircraft, one Patriot SAM battalion, one short-range air defense (SHORAD) squadron.
- Navy: Escorts, one submarine.
- One light infantry battalion, 40-strong Army Ranger Wing Special Forces unit, headquarters, observer, and support elements. 850 total.
- Land: one corps-level headquarters for six months, one division headquarters for a year, 12,500 troops from a 20,000 pool (including an airmobile brigade for up to six months and three other brigades), one railway-engineering battalion, special forces, one CIMIC group, one Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Defense company.
- Air: a Combined Air Operations Center (air component headquarters), 26 Tornado and AMX combat aircraft, six CSAR helicopters, four C-130J transport aircraft (from 2003), nine tactical transport aircraft, two air refueling aircraft, three maritime patrol aircraft, two SHORAD units.
- Navy: A sea or shore-based maritime component headquarters; one task group with one aircraft carrier (Giuseppe Garibaldi), one destroyer, three frigates, four patrol ships, one submarine, four MCM ships, two amphibious ships, one oceanographic vessel, eight helicopters.
One reconnaissance company, one A400M transport aircraft. 100 total.
- Land: with Germany, Headquarters I German-Netherlands Corps, one mechanized Brigade, 11th Airmobile Brigade, one amphibious battalion.
- Air: one to two F-16 fighter squadrons; transport aircraft, SAM squadrons.
- Navy: Air defense and command frigates, multipurpose frigates, landing platform dock Rotterdam
- Land: one infantry brigade, including reconnaissance, armored, artillery, engineer, signals, logistics, military police, and CIMIC elements; two teams of military observers. Total 4000.
- Air: squadron with 12 F-16, four C-130 transports, 12 C212 tactical transports, three maritime patrol aircraft, four tactical air control parties, four medium transport helicopters.
- Navy: one frigate, one submarine, one survey ship, one support ship.
- Land: division headquarters to coordinate humanitarian operations and a brigade HQ for other operations, one brigade, mountain unit, one light infantry battalion at high readiness available as an immediate reaction force.
- Air: one Mirage F-1 squadron, one F/A-18 squadron each of 12 aircraft, six transport aircraft, two each surveillance, electronic warfare, and strategic transport aircraft (A400M).
- Navy: one carrier group including carrier Principe de Asturias, two frigates and support ships, one submarine, one MCM ship, Spanish-Italian Amphibious Force (SIAF).
- Land : One mechanized infantry battalion including intelligence, electronic warfare/signals, reconnaissance, engineer, and explosive ordinance disposal units.
- Air: tactical reconnaissance element of four AJS 37 Viggen to be replaced in 2004 by four JAS 39 Gripen multirole fighters, one airbase unit (225 personnel), four C-130 transport aircraft.
- Navy: two corvettes, one support ship.
United Kingdom:
- Joint: Permanent Joint HQ (Northwood) if required, at least one mobile joint headquarters, including a Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC).
- Land: either an armored or a mechanized brigade, each of which could be sustained for at least a year, or 16th Air Assault Brigade, which could be deployed for up to six months. Combat support forces such as artillery, air defense, and attack helicopters could also be deployed, supported by logistics forces. Total 12,500.
- Navy: one aircraft carrier, two SSNs, up to four destroyers or frigates, and support vessels. An amphibious task group including one helicopter carrier and 3rd Commando Brigade could also be made available. The aircraft carrier, helicopter carrier, and submarines could not necessarily be sustained continuously for a whole year.
- Air: up to 72 combat aircraft, including naval fighters, with 58 associated support aircraft including 15 tankers, strategic transport aircraft, and Chinook and Merlin transport helicopters. This total would be available for an initial six months to cover initial theatre entry; for a longer term commitment the number would reduce.

Source: CDI